Doctors have some of the most demanding and taxing jobs out there. They need to be extremely vigilant and keen when going about their work.
They have to deal with all types of situations and emergencies and they need to always be mentally prepared for them.
Asthma attacks, anaphylactic shock, respiratory distress, myocardial infarctions, convulsions, allergic attacks, unconsciousness, trauma, and head injuries are some of the emergencies which are being faced by the doctors commonly.
Doctors need to be adequately equipped with knowledge on how to deal with such cases with care and attentiveness. Suitable knowledge, communication skills, appropriate medications, and apparatus are all the components essential in order to provide the best possible care to the patient in distress.
Mostly, doctors have the view that it is essential to sympathize with the patients and their relatives as this can help to build a relationship with them and thus, provide them with the best possible care. But it is also important for them to appear cool and professional to the families and friends of the patients in order to provide moral support to them.
The doctors need to be able to smoothly execute their roles so as to reduce panic, anxiety and negative effects on other patients. They need to remain calm and speak clearly so that they can communicate effectively with the patient and the staff members and prevent the overlooking of any important information.
The emergency team leader should be able to establish strong communication with his staff so that they can comprehend his directions well and let him know that they understand them. The staff members should be encouraged to ask for further clarification if they do not understand any information and they should also speak up about any concerns they might have about the emergency. In this way, the stress and pressure might be reduced among the staff members and the doctors.
One of the most important things that the doctor should do while dealing with a medical emergency is to ensure that the patient is receiving an adequate supply of oxygen to the vital organs.
The doctors should also simultaneously establish communication activities too, such as directing the emergency staff, acquiring information from the patient's family or friends, and updating them about the situation, and also documenting the incident as it happens.
Emergency supplies and equipment should be within reach of the doctor and the emergency staff should be well aware of how to use it and help with the situation. These supplies and equipment should be stored in a location that is cool and dry and is easily accessible at any time. A staff member should also routinely check to make sure that all the equipment is up to date and should also restock any medication that might be running out.
The doctors and the emergency staff should also routinely go through training programs so that they are well equipped with the crucial skills that are essential for handling an emergency.Routine emergency drills should be conducted to evaluate the emergency staff's knowledge of emergency techniques, usage of the emergency equipment and supplies and communication skills with the patient and their relatives.